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Erzincan ve Ermeni Faaliyetleri

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Erzincan ve Ermeni Faaliyetleri

Mesajgönderen TurkmenCopur » 30 Nis 2011, 15:41


The events in Erzincan began at the end of January 1918. In the Erzincan region, Armenian soldiers who had been members of the Russian army were in control, nominally under the command of a Frenchman who had served in the Russian army, Colonel Morel. To these were added a force of Armenian guerrillas under the leadership of one "Murat," a guerrilla leader originally from Sivas. The execution of the Muslim population was mainly at the hands of these Armenian guerrillas.
As their first action, the Armenians took the more prominent male members of the Muslim community and executed them, some in the city, others in surrounding areas. The remaining Muslims were slaughtered en masse, and many were burned to death in the town square, the barracks, and nearby houses.

Hundreds of Muslims were brought from surrounding villages into the city and executed. The intent to kill as many Muslims as possible was obvious from the actions, later repeated elsewhere, of Armenian leaders, 86 who went to surrounding villages ordering the peasants to assemble in the city. Those who did so were slaughtered.

Ten days after the slaughter began, Ottoman troops entered Erzincan, now a ghost town; the Armenians had fled, and the Muslims were dead. The Ottoman soldiers marched along a road of corpses:

[Vehib Pașa] From Çardakli-Boǧaz to Erzincan I have seen all the villages destroyed to the point that not one villager's hut has escaped destruction. The trees in all the orchards have been cut down and all the villagers are dead. History has not recorded atrocities such as those committed by the Armenians in Erzincan. For three days we have done nothing but gather up the bodies of Muslims killed by Armenians then cast aside. Among these innocent victims are children not yet weaned, ninety year old men, and women cut to pieces.

Vehib Pașa estimated that more than 1,000 houses had been destroyed. The public buildings of Erzincan were completely demolished, as were most of the private houses of Muslims. Sometimes, as was the case with the military barracks, the destruction was part of the massacre of Muslims. Other buildings, such as mosques and government buildings, were destroyed as symbols of the Ottoman government or Islamic religion. From the scope of the destruction, one can assume that the Armenians did not believe that Erzincan could be held, but, on the contrary, should be destroyed rather than turned over to their enemies. The city was a ruin. Ottoman soldiers who came into Erzincan reported a horrifying scene: "Erzincan is a scene of tragedy. Wells are full of the corpses of Moslems. Dismembered bodies, hands, legs, heads are still spread all over the gardens of the homes." Three hundred-twelve unburied bodies were found by the soldiers; 606 were found buried in wells and ditches; and, of course, many more than that number had been killed. The fate of 650 Muslims who had been taken from the city, ostensibly for road building, was unknown.

Kitap: Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922
Yazar: Justin McCarthy
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