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Kengerler, Hunlar, Koreliler ve Japonlar

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Kengerler, Hunlar, Koreliler ve Japonlar

Mesajgönderen TurkmenCopur » 13 Şub 2015, 15:27

Go Joseon - 고조선(古朝鮮)
Hünnü(Huns/Xiongnu) - 흉노(匈奴)
Buyeo - 부여(夫餘)
Goguryeo - 고구려(高句驪)

GoJoseon: The founder of GoJoseon is believed to be Tangun WangGeom(단군왕검-檀君王儉). Tangun was WangGeom's title and according to C Scott Littleton in "Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology" in pg. 793, it means "high priest." The title Tangun, like Tengri, signified their divine and celestial highness, but Tangun was also a God to ancient Koreans as Tengri was to Mongols and Turks. Historian Chang-Hee Son, in the book "Haan of MinJung Theology and Han of Han Philosophy" in pg. 72, states that the word Tangun and Tengri originates from the same root and that it shares similarity to the Sumerian word "Dengir."

Go Joseon's name (in which "Go" was added to mean "old"), not to be confused with "Later Joseon(1392-1897)", was referred to in various ways trying to pronounce the word Joseon in Hanja(or Chinese characters) as best as possible such as 肅愼 (숙신, suksin), 稷愼 (직신, jiksin) and 息愼 (식신, siksin). Before Manchurians called themselves the Manchus, and before Koreans started calling themselves Joseon-in again in 1392, Manchurians called themselves Jurchens(稷真) rooting from the word jušen which some historians believe is Joseon due to the fact that Manchuria was part of Old Joseon's territory and also, the first ruler of Jin Dynasty(1115-1234)(金朝) was Wanyan Aguda who finds his roots from Goryeo-Shilla of the Kim(金) Clan.

Some Korean historians now believe Go Joseon was not only the ancestors of Koreans but many other nomadic tribes in the region. Old Joseon was vast, spreading from Lake Baikal of Mongolia to the Korean peninsula. While the people of the peninsula settled to write its history, the nomadic tribes spread throughout and away from the empire without a written language(thus not recording their history of origin). The language spoken in Go Joseon could have varied from region to region but very similar. Please disregard the fact that they spoke Korean as Old Korean was very different from modern Korean.

Go Joseon and Shilla, Huns, Turks: To say that Turks and Huns were also part of the Go Joseon empire might be far fetched but not impossible to consider. ShinLa(or Shilla) was one of the kingdoms that formed after the fall of Go Joseon. Recent studies and findings by modern Korean historians found that Shilla's fourth king, Talhae of Shilla(from the northeast of Wa, Japan), is from the "Seok" clan which finds its roots from Turks in central Asia(though his existence predates the GokTurk Empire). King Seok Talhae adopted Kim Al-ji(김알지) who was a descendant of Kim Il-ji(김일지), a prince of Hünnü/Huns/Xiongnu. Furthermore, King Michu of Shilla(미추이사금), the fourteenth king who was the first king of the Kim clan, was the sixth generation descendant of Kim Al-ji. Kim is written "金" in Hanja which means "Gold." Altaic mountains in Chinese characters is also written "金山" which literally means "Gold mountain", they are written the same way. For further evidence of Kim clan's origin, please visit the "News" section. Also, Korean historians believe that Adalla of Silla(아달라 이사금), who was the eighth ruler, carried the same Altaic name Attila which are commonly used by Huns and Turks.

One of the most significant reasons the Huns(Xiongnu) could have come from the Go Joseon empire is that early historical references state that they are from modern day's Manchurian region(part of Go Joseon territories). The tombs of Hunnic kings of the steppes were identical to Shilla's kings tombs and similar tombs are found throughout Manchurian/Korean region. According to the Chinese, the Huns branched from the Donghu(東胡) people who ancient Koreans were also part of. Download and read "Ancient Koreans and Xiongnu: What was the Nature of Their Relationship?" by Maurizio RIOTTO (Here).

The tribes of the peninsula and the tribes of the steppes never built walls to keep each other out, they migrated interchangeably without limitations. People of Go Joseon used "Han"(Khan) not only as a title, but also in their names/surnames (Orhan, GokHan, Han-한 韓). This is evident in Turks and Koreans today(Check the "News" section for many other similar cultures between Koreans and Turks).

Go Joseon and Goguryeo, Huns, Turks: Another thing to consider is that Goguryeo(고구려) and the Huns also formed while Go Joseon was at its demise(just like Shilla). The Huns were the oldest empire in the steppes but only dating back to roughly 209BC. Both Goguryeo and the Huns practiced very similar cultures, if not the same. As mentioned by one of the members Kobukson on KoreanSentry.com, he states the shared cultural similarities between the two:

Whistling Arrow
Whistling Arrow (우는살 also known as효시). The Japanese call it Kabura-ya and the Chinese call it Mingdi. Although the origins of this arrow is disputed, I can assure you the Japanese were not the original users. It's been said Mo Du a Xiongnu emperor widely made a use of this arrow and these arrows are depicted in the Goguryeo Tomb Mural painting, "Tomb of the dancers". This whistling arrow is used to point the sound to a direction which the archers can shoot towards during a hunt or battle. The purpose is to have many arrows as possible towards that direction. This arrow that was excavated in Korea which matches the same one in Eastern Siberia has a significant connection as both were identical.

Levirate (형사취수) was a custom known to be followed by Xiongnu, Buyeo and Goguryeo. This is where if a man dies, his younger brother marries the widow.

Lack of imprisonment
In romance of the Three Kingdom records (Samguk Ji/Sanguo Zhi 三國志), it states Goguryeo had a similar political system to that of Buyeo. And in this system, there were no prisons. This was the same for the Xiongnu, and was actually common for nomadic peoples as it was cost efficient. Ironically, North Korea still operates the same way, they have no prisons and instead have concentration camps.

Burial system
The closest Xiongnu village that still exists today which was excavated by the Soviet Union is located in Ulan Ude in East of Lake Baikal. The houses there have heating system where pipes are built into the walls. This is very much identical to the heating system in ancient Korea known as Ondol (온돌). As for the burial system, the Xiongnu used tumulus for the important people. This type of burial custom was used during Buyeo and Goguryeo as well. If you visit some Korean cemeteries even today, you will see the tumulus in various regions.

Number of clans and ranks
Xiongnu and Goguryeo both had five clans and twelve ranks in their political system.

Kim il je (김일지) a Xiongnu prince
Kim Il-je (김일지) was a Xiongnu prince who was captured by the Han Chinese. At the time, Emperor Wu gave Kim Il-Je the family name "Jin" which means gold or metal, this reason was due to the fact that Xiongnu people made sacrifices to a golden statue. It's a typical Shamanism tradition. And Jin translates to Kim in Xiongnu pronunciation.

Goguryeo, like the Huns, Turks, Buyeo and Go Joseon, practiced the Tangun/Tengri religion as well as mounted archery warring tactics. Goguryeo were also in constant contact with the GokTurks and their descendants as seen on the murals of Uzbekistan(Ironically and coincidently even during the Korean War when Turkey helped South Korea). During the Goguryeo-Sui wars(598-614), King Yeongyang of Goguryeo was facing heat from the Sui Dynasty due to the fact that he was in contact with Yami Qaghan(Khan of the eastern Turks). Throughout Sui's attempt at invading Goguryeo, the Turks were continously an essential ally. Even through the Goguryeo-Tang wars(645-668), the Turks aided in fending off the invasions.

(Goguryeo and the Turks must have known about their origin. Otherwise, why would the Turks leave their own homes to fight battles outside of their comfort zone just to help an ally? Wouldn't defending be much safer and easier? Most of the history written by Goguryeo were destroyed after the Shilla-Tang alliance's invasion so this makes it very difficult to further research upon. In spite of the fact that Altaic people did not write much history, when they did, they would burn the history of the conquered).

Conclusion: Whether these evidences will persuade you to believe the Huns and Turks were once one with Koreans and Manchurians at one point are true or not is up to the reader. Similarities in culture, religion and history are too close to label them a coincidence. These tribes having the same origin does not mean they were all once Korean or Turk, please rid of that idea in your mind. Viewing Altaic history is different from western history. Also note when you read the pdf mentioned above by the writer Maurizio Rotto, he mentions that the name Attila is a Turkic name and thus the Huns could have been Turks, but the name Attila/Adalla was used throughout the Altaic people. Koreans, Turks and Huns are only names of tribes, not a race. They were each given those names by their own founding fathers(own respectable Khans/Hans), but they never considered themselves seperate or different during their early history(no boundaries to set them apart like Westerners or the Chinese). To have a better understanding, consider how the native tribes in North America were, similar logic could be applied to Altaic history.

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